Pakistan religion blasphemy politics
November 9 2018 - 6:40 AM
TLP: Pakistan's hardline Islamist party calling the shots
By Sajjad TARAKZAI
Islamabad, Nov 9, 2018 (AFP) - They have called for the assassination of
Pakistan's Supreme Court judges, demanded a mutiny in the armed forces and
have vowed to wipe out the Netherlands with nuclear weapons.
In just a few years the Tehreek-e-Labaik Pakistan party (TLP) -- or the
Movement at the Service of the Prophet -- has become one of the most powerful
groups in Pakistan, dictating terms to successive governments and paralysing
the country at will with violent protests.
Led by firebrand cleric Khadim Hussain Rizvi, the far-right religious party
has weaponised the ultra-sensitive blasphemy issue in the Muslim-majority
nation, sparking fears that the TLP is radicalising the country's heartland
and opening a dangerous new chapter in Pakistan's brutal confrontation with
Here's a rundown of why the group is so powerful and how they have been
able to harness the extraordinarily inflammatory charge of blasphemy to
increase their following across Pakistan.
- Where did they come from? -
The TLP began as a faction demanding the release of Mumtaz Qadri -- a
bodyguard who gunned down Punjab governor Salman Taseer in Islamabad in 2011.
Qadri later cited Taseer's calls for reforming the country's blasphemy laws
as his motive and was hanged in 2016.
The TLP formed an official political party -- earning more than two million
votes and two provincial seats in this year's general election, in what
analysts called a "surprisingly" rapid rise.
By making blasphemy the party's central -- and arguably only -- talking
point, the TLP have positioned themselves as the protectors of Islam,
effectively painting their foes as enemies of the religion.
"They have presented themselves as the sole flag bearers of the blasphemy
issue," said columnist Khurshid Nadeem. "Violence is a currency which sells in
today's times... they have proved that they can also kill and be killed for
- What are they known for? -
The TLP entered the national consciousness in 2017 when supporters
blockaded the capital Islamabad with violent protests for several weeks, over
changes made to the oath taken by parliamentarians, which the group deemed
blasphemous. At least seven died in the violence.
The protests succeeded in forcing the resignation of the country's federal
law minister in a military-brokered agreement that saw the TLP virtually
absolved of any wrongdoing.
Since then, they have strong-armed Prime Minister Imran Khan's newly minted
administration into firing an economics adviser for belonging to the
persecuted Ahmadi religious minority.
The group was also linked with an assassination attempt on former interior
minister Ahsan Iqbal in May, although it distanced itself from the incident.
Its leader Rizvi reportedly told journalists that if he took power in the
nuclear-armed country he would "wipe Holland off the face of the earth", over
cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed published there.
- What about Asia Bibi? -
The TLP flexed its muscles again last week, when hours after the country's
Supreme Court quashed the blasphemy conviction of Asia Bibi, a Christian
woman, its followers flooded the country's streets, causing gridlock.
It called for the assassination of the court's judges, and a "mutiny" in
the armed forces.
Khan initially issued a searing rebuke of the group, but his administration
appeared to backtrack days later by striking a deal.
"For Pakistani politicians, it's easier to defy the courts than it is a
violent mob that claims to be Islam's true representatives," said Omar Waraich
from Amnesty International, adding that the government "didn't want to be cast
Following Bibi's release on Wednesday, the TLP accused the government of
reneging on the agreement and vowed to return to the streets if she was
allowed to leave the country.
- How dangerous are they? -
Fears of the TLP stem from the group's rising popularity in country's
Punjab heartland and their ability to enforce their will on governments with
little or no official backlash.
Whereas previous extremist movements like the Pakistan Taliban belonged to
the minority Deobandi sect, the TLP's roots in the country's mainstream
religious branch of Barelvi Islam -- traditionally thought of as Sufi
moderates -- has alarmed observers.
"They are radicalising the people... particularly they are focusing on
Punjab and Sindh provinces and have already radicalised a big portion of the
society there," security analyst Amir Rana told AFP.
Pakistan security forces remain hesitant to clamp down on religious groups,
fearing any heavy-handed move could spark a violent backlash similar to the
insurrection spurred by a military crackdown on Islamabad's Red Mosque in 2007.
TLP's rising power is also of particular concern to Pakistan's Ahmadi
community, who consider themselves Muslims but are seen as blasphemous in most
mainstream Islamic schools of thought, and have long been targeted by