Dog Fight Analysis Over the Mediterranean

Dog Fight Analysis Over the Mediterranean 28 August, 2020

Turkish Defense Ministry released videos of six Greek F-16s trying to violate the NAVTEX declared.  Turkish fighters carried out "dog fight" with Greek ones and Ministry released the video on social media. Greek F-16s left the region, according to the rules of "dog fight", 

Eastern Mediterranean Exclusive Economic Zone dispute between Turkey and Greece, is becoming a tense issue. Turkey declared NAVTEX and Greek F-16s approached this region and tried to show that they did not care Navtex. While images of a dog fight that have been frequently experienced in the Aegean Sea until today were reflected in the Mediterranean,

According to the video images, dog fight starts at an altitude of approximately 32 thousand feet (approximately 10 thousand 500 meters). Greek F-16s are trying to dive and gain speed in a short time and take a position where they can threaten to hit Turkish planes. The Turkish F-16 responds to this dive without disturbing the formation flight. The images in the video were taken from the transparent screen inside the cockpit called Head-Up Display (HUD). Turkish pilots have repeatedly locked Greek planes on these images. This means "I could shoot you if I fired the missile locked on you, now leave the air space ". When the missile radar lock is released, a warning is sent to the pilot in the cockpit of the Greek plane.

In the images, it is seen that Turkish F-16s come close enough to the Greek F-16s to enter the gun shooting range from behind. These images can be seen from the two lines narrowing from two wings, similar to a funnel, and running parallel to each other. The two lines describe the possible distribution of the projectiles in an area where the wingspan of the target aircraft is calculated automatically with the help of a computer. When the approach in question reaches the limits, the cross on the screen warns the pilot for the optimum shot envelope.

The occasional ringing noise indicates that the Greek plane was locked with heat and infrared-guided AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles from the Turkish plane. In this lock situation, if the missile is fired, the Greek F-16 aircraft must make an "evasive manoeuvre" and escape until the missile runs out, but this is also a very difficult possibility. When the missile is fired, a warning will also sound in the Greek cockpit. The pilot will try to get rid of the missile with sudden manoeuvres. On the other hand, the SIM appears on HUD which stands for simulation. In this case, it is not possible for the pilot to fire missiles by mistake. The missile will not fire even if the fire button is pressed. However, if instead of SIM, it is switched to combat mode and the pilot presses the button, the missile will take action to hit the Greek plane.

During the dogfight, the aircraft sometimes try to gain an advantage over each other by opening the afterburner, which is called afterburning, which provides a sudden increase in speed by spraying additional fuel to the exhaust outlet. Meanwhile, the fuel consumption increases enormously. The word "Bingo" on the screen indicates that the fuel is critical and warns the pilot to return to the nearest square. The pilot determines when this word will appear on the screen according to the distance from the square to be flown.

The video shows Greek aircraft carrying two external disposable fuel tanks under their wings. These tanks serve to increase the range of the aircraft. A plane increases its range by carrying these tanks, but it both decreases speed and loses its manoeuvrability due to the aerodynamic obstacle called "drag". For this reason, if a missile is fired, the pilot leaves these tanks that can be launched from the air while doing the avoidance manoeuvre.

The video also shows close and medium-range air-to-air missile loads, including two AIM-9 and two AIM-120 each, on Greek aircraft. In order to record this situation and take the necessary precautions, pilots told the command by radio "F-16" 52 "with two long (AIM-120) two short (AIM-9) drop (air-disposable external fuel tank) (which block the aircraft is and which engine it uses). ) "+" (avionics / electronic warfare features "reports.

The number ranging from 0.0 to 9.0 above the SIM text on the upper left side of the screen shows the G force experienced during the manoeuvre of the aircraft. It shows that 9 times the load of 9 G gravity got on the plane and therefore on the pilot. As the load on the plane increases, the pilot breathes deeply in order to maintain consciousness in accordance with the training he received. This ensures that the amount of oxygen that goes to the brain is preserved. Deep breathing also reduces the effect of G as a result of the reverse pressure created within the body. On the other hand, the G suit worn by the pilot is inflating at this time. Swelling occurs very much in the legs and less around the waist. When the G suit swells, the blood stays in the upper part of the body and the brain is prevented from being anaemic.

You can access the related video from this link:

Issue 86