The EU Launches Defence Agreement

The EU Launches Defence Agreement 15 November, 2017

The European Union has launched the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) agreement for the defence of Europe. The European Commission published an announcement explaining these developments yesterday in Brussels. Accordingly, the Defence or Foreign Affairs Ministers of the 23 EU countries signed the agreement. In a report published in Germany's voice radio Deutsche Welle, there were three motives lying behind this movement; Increasing costs for one, the US President Donald Trump's anti-NATO statements, and the decision of the United Kingdom to leave the EU despite being an important part of the EU's defence. PESCO allows countries to cooperate more closely in security operations and create military capability.

The EU's external relations chief, Federica Mogherini, described the deal as a historic moment for Europe's defence. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg also welcomed the move.

While 22 out of 28 EU members are NATO members, the move aims to reach a structure that supports the EU at the same time as it saves the EU from relying on NATO alone. The European Coal and Steel Community, which opened the way to the EU, was founded to prevent war in Europe after World War II.

The European Defence Fund, established by the European Commission in June 2017, will develop projects on defence research, prototype development, joint procurement and talent acquisitions. The Fund and PESCO will act in cooperation.

The EU Launches Defence Agreement

Issue 86